Study skills – 3 John Clarkson – Understanding Argument

Here are some of my notes from the study skills,

Argument-an attempt to persuade (all arguments have a point), An argument is a set of claims and a conclusion (all arguments have a structure)

Claim- A claim is a statement or proposition that could be true or false, you can usually spot a claim by looking for words like ‘is’ and ‘are’.

Conclusion- A conclusion is another claim, a conclusion is the main point to which an argument is directed, you can often spot a conclusion by looking for words like (therefore and because).

To be persuasive most arguments require evidence, Evidence is another claim all evidence can be disputed, string evidence can be independently verified, evidence is the difference between argument and opinion.

A good argument is a set of claims that gives the reader good reasons to believe the conclusion, this is where back up helps.

Bad arguments are…

1) An argument is bad if the claims are untrue.

2) An argument is bad if the conclusion doesn’t follow its claims.

An argument can always be expressed in the following form …

Mice eat cheese- Claim

Fred is a mouse-Claim

Therefore Fred eats cheese-Conclusion

The number of claims an argument may have is unlimited.

I found this study skills very helpful as it helps me to structure out my argument on my essay.

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